Modern Pentathlon 101: Glossary
In riding, the use of hands, legs, voice or body weight to prompt a horse.
In riding, a metal mouthpiece attached to the reigns. When restrained, a horse is "on the bit."
In shooting, the diameter of a gun barrel.
In fencing, a contest in its entirety.
In shooting, the center ring of the target.
In riding, a gait that resembles but is slower than a full gallop, when three legs are simultaneously off the ground. Canters include (from shortest strides to longest): collected canter, working canter, medium canter and extended canter.
In riding, a series of jumps separated by only one or two strides.
In fencing, an attack or counterattack involving several moves.
In fencing, when both competitors' weapons are disabled by an engaging position.
In fencing, a defensive maneuver in which one competitor goes around the other's blade to move it away.
In fencing, a counterattack by a competitor who just blocked an opponent's counterattack.
In running, a race through mostly rough terrain, as opposed to a flat track.
In riding, a horse's refusal that results in a penalty.
In epee fencing, hits by each fencer occurring within .04 of a second, canceling each other out.
In fencing, the French term for "on guard," a pre-bout position.
In riding, a scoring unit for penalizing errors.
In fencing, a decoy attack that precedes a real one.
In fencing, a running attack.
In riding, a horse's characteristic motion. Gaits include: walk, trot, canter and gallop.
In riding, the fastest gait of a horse. A run.
In shooting, the internal diameter of a gun bore.
In swimming or running, a burst of speed saved for the final stretch of a race.
In riding, the boundary of a water jump.
In fencing, the basic attack in which a competitor moves forward with the front leg while the back remains straight and stationary.
In fencing, a block of the opponent's blade.
In fencing, a thrust or lunge.
In riding, a point assessed for an error.
In fencing, the French term for the bout's playing surface. Also called the strip.
In fencing, to attack a second time after an opponent's failed counterattack.
In riding, when a horse stops short of an obstacle, incurring a penalty.
In fencing, an attack that follows a blocked attempt.
In riding, a horse's refusal to continue, rearing, stepping back or making a half-turn.
In fencing, a counterattack by a fencer who just has blocked an attack.
In riding, a horse's attempt to avoid an obstacle.
In shooting, practice shots to adjust sights. They occur before matches and do not count toward the final score.
In fencing, a hit with the point of the epee, winning the bout.
In riding, a gait in which the horse moves its diagonal legs at the same pace. Types of trots include (from shortest strides to longest strides): collected trot, working trot, medium trot and extended trot.
In riding, a marching pace. Types of walks include (from shortest strides to longest strides): collected walk, medium walk and extended walk. A free walk has a relaxed pace and the horse has complete freedom to lower and stretch his head and neck.